Moisturizers, their types and what’s best for your skin
How often do you use a moisturizer? Do you use it daily or just in your weekly skin care routine? Many people see it as a big task but if you want your skin in a top shape then you have to moisturize every day. It will make your skin clear, smooth and wrinkle free. Skin is an important part as it covers everything inside our body. Skin cell replace themselves daily and this process exposes the face, neck and chest to dryness. The right moisturizer can boost, repair and make your skin healthy. It’s an important thing to note that excessive dry and oily skin can give way to more skin problems.
Your skin type depends on your climate, ethnicity, age, hormones and genetics. What is better than a healthy sheen of a moisturized skin? A good moisturizer can even remove blemishes from your skin. There are some types of moisturizers, some of them are self-tanners and some come with tint that are good for all skin tones. After cleansing the exfoliating ingredients, remove the essential skin oil that cause dryness and dry skin leads to fine lines and wrinkles.
Florida dermatologist Andrea Cambio, MD, says, "Choose a light moisturizer for day and a heavier one for nighttime."
Moisturizers according to skin type
Everyone has different skin and there are different moisturizers but their work to protect the skin is same. They not only moisturize your skin but also trap the water in the skin. There are four types of moisturizers: humectants, ceramides, emollients and occlusives,
“You need them because you never want to dry out the outermost layer of skin.” says celebrity aesthetician Nerida Joy.
Selection of moisturizer depends upon your skin type and level of dryness. You can categorize these types by their chemical composition, body part for use, skin type and morning and evening moisturizers. Go for a moisturizer that is of at least SPF 30. Use face moisturizer for face and body moisturizer for body, if you would reverse it, it would not work effectively. Avoid steroidal ingredients/ creams strictly.
These are hydrators, absorb moisture from the air. Humid climates are the best for them to absorb moisture from the air. Though these are good for all skin types but effective for people with dry skin. Humectants fall into other categories as well i-e Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs), Glycerin, Hyaluronic Acid, Lactic Acid, Propylene Glycol, Sorbitol and Urea. We know that glycerin is the most common used humectant.
They fill the gap between skin cells and improve the texture of the skin. It also has sub categories i-e Cocoa Butter, Collagen, Colloidal oatmeal, Elastin, Isopropyl palmitate, Linoleic acid, Oleic Acid, Shea Butter and Stearic Acid. They are best for dry and dehydrated skin.
It nourishes your skin, hands and nails, use it daily for best results.
They prevent the skin from moisture loss and are the heaviest moisturizers. They are paired with humectants. They prevent skin from breakouts and work as a moisture barrier so the skin can repair itself. These are also for all skin types but effective for dehydrated skin.
Its sub categories are: Avocado Oil, Carnauba Wax, Hazelnut Oil, Lanolin, Mineral Oil (ex. petrolatum), Olive Oil, Rosehip, Silicones and Vaseline. Petrolatum and silicones are the most common occlusives used in skin care products.
This moisturizer on BeautiZone is good for dehydrated skin and makes it silky, soft and healthy.
These are the glue like moisturizers and help firming the structure of the skin. These are added into moisturizers to treat eczema (skin gets red and itchy). Any skin type can get benefit from it but most useful for sensitive and damaged skin.
Difference between dry and dehydrated skin
Dry skin is a type of skin that needs oil, moisturizer, makes your skin dull, dry and shows premature aging.
Dehydrated skin is a condition of skin effected by external factors, needs hydration, not permanent but mixture of oily and dry and has breakouts.
Skin is red, itchy and tight so choose thick moisturizers like creams, they are heavy than lotions and give effective result. They feel sticky and greasy on skin.
It has glycerin and allantoin which is good for damaged and dry skin. It makes skin flexible and softener and heals the minor burns and scratches.
Oily skin is shiny and has open pores so choose light weight moisturizers which are oil free. Gel moisturizers give cool and least greasy feeling on skin and they are the lightest moisturizers. Lotions are also light moisturizers and do feel greasy. Ointments are used for medicinal purpose but most common example is petroleum jelly i-e Vaseline.
Lighter moisturizers are water based they do not stay longer on the skin as oil based moisturizers.
It is dry and oily at the same time, oily from T-zone area like forehead, nose and chin. It’s a bit confusing part of choosing a moisturizer but try to use thick one on dry part and light ones on T-zone area.
Normal skin usually do not have sheen and has even tone. Pick a moisturizer that hydrates and boost your skin. Multipurpose moisturizer can be suitable for it.
It is lightweight and best for daily moisturization, and for normal to dry skin.
Choose those moisturizers for sensitive skin which do not contain irritants like fragrances and dyes, it should be highly effective, gentle and weightless.
It is a hydrating and effecting moisturizer for daily use. Vitamin E evens the skin tone and dull complexion. If your skin is extremely dry then use it on face.
We advise you to try different moisturizers so you will get to know which one is good for your skin. Moisturizers are not only for winters but you can use them in summers as well. If you notice that your skin health is not improving then you must see a specialist so you could have a better plan for your problematic skin.